The National Economic Council has said it will take a decision on petroleum subsidy removal in June when the six-month period for subsidy payment in the 2022 budget elapses.
NEC comprising Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo and state governors among others, stated this at its first meeting for the year at the Presidential Villa, Abuja, on Thursday.
The council stated this as a former Head of State, General Abdulsalami Abubakar (retd.), and the Senior Staff Association of Nigeria Universities strongly warned the Federal Government against removing the subsidy, saying it would worsen poverty in the country.
The warning came amid conflicting reports on whether the Federal Government would fully deregulate the downstream sector by removing fuel subsidy in February or not.
Although the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Zainab Ahmed, indicated in December last year that the government would remove fuel subsidy by early this year, Senate President Lawan Ahmed said this week that the President, Major General Muhammadu Buhari, had yet to give any approval regarding that.
However, NEC at its meeting presided over by Osinbajo, affirmed that since the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation Limited is now a limited liability company, it must be run differently.
The Governor of Nasarawa State, Abdullahi Sule, made the NEC position known to State House correspondents while fielding questions on the outcome of the meeting.
The governor, who was accompanied by his Edo State counterpart, Godwin Obaseki, said it was understandable that provision for subsidy payment was made for only six months in the 2022 budget.
According to him, any decision to remove subsidy will be taken after the budget provision runs its course until June 2022.
Sule noted that even though NEC had been deliberating on the matter, it had yet to take a position on it.
The Nasarawa governor said, “I think in addition to that, what you have to understand is that, we (NEC), didn’t make any presentations on this because there has not been a decision. But in reality, all of us Nigerians know that there is now the Petroleum Industry Act. And the NNPC has now become a limited liability company, as you know. So, the NNPC will run differently.
“So, if the Minister of Finance, you know, provides (subsidy) for six months, you can understand part of the reason for the provision for six months, before the NNPC entirely takes off; and at that moment, that is when decisions will be made.
“But I want to correct this impression; it is not the governors who are making recommendations; It is a NEC committee which comprises all the other people that are looking at this. And no decision has been made, and probably by the time a decision will be made, the Petroleum Industry Act would have fully taken charge, and it will not require any recommendation from anybody.”
On his part, Obaseki noted that Premium Motor Spirit, which sells for N162-165 per litre in Nigeria, was sold a 100 per cent higher in other countries.
He said the Federal Government was spending about N2tn on petroleum subsidies, an amount, he said, could have been used for other purposes.
As a result, he said NEC queried why such an arrangement should be allowed to continue.
The governor said, “As you all know and aware, the issue of subsidy has been one matter that NEC has deliberated on for more than a year now. There was an ad hoc committee, which was set up by NEC headed by Governor El-Rufai that included members of the executive arm of government that worked on recommendations as to what we should do about the costs of PMS locally. As we have been told, the price of PMS in Nigeria today is about N162 per litre. Whereas, every other country surrounding Nigeria is selling the same product at more than 100 per cent of the cost in Nigeria.
“And the country, as at last year, spent almost N2tn subsidising petroleum products. That is money that could have gone into building roads, money that could have gone into healthcare and education.
“So for NEC, the arguments have been put out, should we continue this regime of spending money we do not have, to subsidise the living standards of only mostly those who have vehicles?”
Obaseki said when the council considered the analysis last year, it realised that less than one-third of the states consume two-thirds of the subsidy. This, he said, raised questions about equity.
“All of these findings were presented to NEC, and NEC has had several deliberations. And the deliberations are still ongoing. So, NEC hasn’t come up with any decision yet. I think recommendations have also been made to the President. That is what I am aware of that has transpired so far,” he said. According to the Edo governor, the NNPC has been unable to remit the expected N200bn into the Federation Account Allocation Committee owing to the payment of fuel subsidy.
“Well, I’ll put it very succinctly. Last year, the NNPC was supposed to contribute N200bn a month to FAAC for distribution to the states. Because of payment of subsidy, the NNPC was unable to put that money into FAAC for distribution; which means less money going to the states and less money going to the Federal Government,” he added.
Petrol price hike will push more Nigerians deeper into poverty – Abdulsalami
At the 19th Daily Trust Dialogue with the theme, ‘2023: The Politics, Economy and Security,” Abdulsalami cautioned the Federal Government against increasing the pump price of fuel, saying a rise in petrol price would push more Nigerians deeper into poverty.
While stating that the past three months had seen an improvement in economic growth rates and inflation, Abdulsalami, however, said the impact of the numbers on the lives and wellbeing of ordinary Nigerians was suspect.
He said unemployment and underemployment remained at record levels, adding that over 80 million Nigerians were still caught up in needless poverty.
Abdulsalami stated, “All of these tend to have negative effects on security. In fact, Nigeria now faces a food security crisis that is compounded by the COVID-19 global pandemic and banditry in many states of northern Nigeria.
“Both of these have disrupted the fragile value chains across the country and negatively impacted the ability of Nigerians to produce, process and distribute food. The result is a continuing rise in the prices of food items beyond the reach of many Nigerian families.
“On top of all these, fuel prices are expected to rise significantly in the coming months as announced last November by the NNPC. When this happens, as the government has planned, it will push many millions deeper into poverty.
“Young people and women are the demographic groups most affected by the country’s dire economic outlook. For example, estimates by the National Bureau of Statistics show that while the national unemployment rate stood at 33 per cent by the end of 2020, unemployment for young people between ages 15 and 34 years was 10 per cent higher at 42.5 per cent
“If not carefully managed, the frustration of these groups can easily boil over into a national conflagration worse than what we saw months ago during the #ENDSARS protests. However, these are not doomsday predictions, but a warning to which all stakeholders must pay heed.
On insecurity, Abdulsalami, who is also the Chairman of the National Peace Committee, stated that the situation had overstretched the country’s security forces and had led to the death of thousands.
According to him, the major cause of the insecurity in Nigeria is the proliferation of all calibres of weapons in the country in particular, and in the West Africa sub-region generally.
Quoting the Global Conflict Tracker report compiled by the United States Council on Foreign Relations, Abdulsalami said some 350,000 persons had been killed and three million displaced directly or indirectly in the conflict in the North-East since 2009.
He stated, “Ladies and gentlemen, Nigeria is once again at a crossroads. Insecurity remains the single most difficult challenge for the country. The Boko Haram insurgency in the North-East, banditry in the North-West, violence in the South-East, kidnappings and abductions of travellers across many states all continue to fester in the land.
“In addition to these, ethnic, communal and religious conflicts are rearing their heads very hard again in many parts of the country. All of these have greatly challenged and overstretched our security forces. This has caused thousands of deaths and millions of internally displaced persons in the country over the past years.”
Abdusalami said it appeared as if Nigeria had been stuck politically since 1960, adding that political experiments had refused to grow beyond the issue of security, economic growth and stability.
He stated, “It appears that Nigeria is stuck politically in the same place and our democratic experiment has refused to grow beyond these issues even after more than 60 years of national independence and self-governance.
“Whatever we do or we don’t do this election year will linger for a long time to come. This election year calls for statesmanship and patriotism.”
The former military leader urged politicians to watch their words and deeds carefully and avoid saying or doing things that would further heat up the polity.
Former Vice-President Atiku Abubakar said the nation was facing real and existential threats never experienced before.
Atiku observed that as the 2023 elections were drawing closer, the political class and parties must begin the process of identifying a leader capable of finding solutions to the problems and uniting the people.
He said, “I have not seen this country in serious challenges of its existence as seen at this point in time. I witnessed the Nigerian civil war and not even the civil war was so much a threat to our existence like we are witnessing today.
“And of course, all attention is focused on the political class. The problems that have been highlighted, particularly security and economy, are problems the politicians are expected to solve.
“What is required, therefore, is the identification of a capable leadership by the political parties or political class that can bring together all components of the country together and the competencies so that we can get out of the crisis.”
Life already difficult for Nigerians, don’t increase pump price, SSANU warns FG
Meanwhile, the leadership of SSANU on Thursday warned the Federal Government against increment in pump price of petrol.
Speaking in Ile-Ife at the 41st SSANU Regular National Executive Council meeting held at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, the National President of the association, Haruna Ibrahim, said union leaders would not fold hands, while ordinary Nigerians continue to experience hardship. The SSANU boss, who said that the organised labour would soon come up with a position on the planned increase in fuel price, also lamented nonchalant attitude of the federal government to improving condition of workers, especially members of SSANU, as many of the agreement the union had with it had not been implemented.
He also condemned the rising insecurity that has made travelling across the country very risky owing to activities of bandits and kidnappers, calling on the government to rise to the challenge by protecting lives and property of Nigerians.
Ibrahim said “no salary motivation, no minimum wage arrears, hazard allowance nowhere to be found, issue of staff school on ground, funding of university is terrible among other challenges.
“Nigerians are not finding life easy with the economic downturn. Life is difficult already for many people. Things are not easy for all and sundry as prices of goods are now skyrocketing beyond the reach, to the extent that the citizens cannot take their three square meals again.
“Civil Servant leaders cannot fold their hands and allow Nigerians experience more hardship than this. But all hands must be on deck to fight for our right. Nigeria Labour Congress will protest any increment in fuel price by the Federal Government.”